Old Age Security

Old Age Security (OAS) is a retirement pension run by the Government of Canada. It is available to most Canadians over 65 who have both worked and lived in Canada. In order to get your OAS you had to apply for it prior to 2013. Since 2013, there has been an automatic enrolment process. You have to apply to receive your OAS if you were not automatically enrolled or if you deferred payment when you were enrolled. If you are a naturalized citizen of Canada or you are or were a permanent resident of Canada for a minimum of 10 years between age 18 and age 64, you will need to show when you landed in Canada, by providing your Record of Landing or your Confirmation of Permanent Residence.

 

OAS Eligibility

In order to be apply for for OAS, you must be living in Canada or have lived in Canada for at least 10 years.

 

Currently Living in Canada

  • You must be at least 65 years of age;
  • You must be a Canadian citizen at the time of application OR
  • You must be a permanent resident of Canada or otherwise a “legal resident” at the time of your application;
  • You must have lived in Canada for at least 10 years since you turned 18 years of age.

 

Currently Living Outside of Canada

  • You must be at least 65 years of age;
  • You must have been a Canadian citizen on the day before you moved outside of Canada OR
  • You must have been a “legal resident” on the day before you moved outside of Canada;
  • You have lived in Canada for at least 20 years since you turned 18 years of age.

 

It’s possible that you could still be eligible for OAS if you do not meet one of the above situations. If you have worked for a Canadian company outside of Canada, you are probably still eligible. Also, if you are currently living (or have lived) in a country that Canada has a Social Security Agreement with, and you’ve paid into that program, you could be eligible for OAS. Contact Service Canada for more information.

 

Required Documentation

What you are required to provide depends upon your situation. You must provide originals or certified copies.

  • Born in Canada and lived in Canada your entire life: You do not need to submit proof of legal status in Canada.
  • Born in Canada but moved overseas and became a citizen of another country prior to February 15, 1977: If you became a citizen of another country before February 15, 1977, you could have lost your citizenship when you naturalized in another country. If you are not sure whether or not you are still a Canadian citizen, you should get your Canadian citizenship certificate.
  • Born in Canada but moved overseas: You need to provide
    • your Canadian passport, birth certificate or citizenship certificate
    • proof of your residence in Canada for more than 20 years after the age of 18
  • Born outside of Canada but naturalized as a Canadian citizen over 10 years ago, after the age of 18: You need to provide your citizenship certificate or card, your naturalization certificate, or your Canadian passport (expired is okay provided it was issued after 1970)
  • Born outside of Canada but naturalized as a Canadian citizen less than 10 years ago: You need to provide your citizenship certificate or your passport and your Confirmation of Permanent Residence or a Verification of Status (VOS); you may have to provide additional documentation about your residence in Canada.
  • Born outside of Canada and current or past permanent resident for at least 10 years after the age of 18: You need to provide
    • your Record of Landing or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (or VOS, or other landing paper if you landed before the IMM 1000 existed):
    • any current or expired passports you have that show entries to Canada
    • your CBSA Record of Movement
    • your customs declarations
    • anything else Service Canada will accept as proof of residence in Canada (contact them for details).
  • Born outside of Canada and current or past temporary resident of Canada for at least 10 years after the age of 18: You must provide
    • your temporary residence permit(s) or your study permit(s) or your work permits
    • any current or expired passports you have that show entries to Canada
    • anything else Service Canada will accept as proof of residence in Canada (contact them for details).

Note: If you are currently outside of Canada, the requirement is 20 years of residence in Canada, not 10 years.

Service Canada may request your Birth Certificate to confirm your Date of Birth.

 

How to Certify Your Documents

If you apply in person, bring your originals to Service Canada and Service Canada will certify them for you. Otherwise, people in the following occupations can certify your original documents (Canada only):

  • Accountant
  • Chief of First Nations Band
  • Funeral Director
  • Justice of the Peace
  • Lawyer, Magistrate, Notary
  • Manager of a Financial Institution
  • The following Medical or Health Practitioners: Chiropractor, Dentist, Doctor, Nurse Practitioner, Ophthalmologist, Optometrist, Pharmacist, Psychologist, Registered Nurse
  • Member of Parliament or staff
  • Member of Provincial Legislature/Parliament or staff
  • Minister of Religion
  • Municipal Clerk
  • Official of a federal, provincial or territorial government or one of its agencies
  • Official of an Embassy, Consulate or High Commission
  • Official of a country with which Canada has a reciprocal Social Security Agreement
  • Police Officer
  • Postmaster
  • Social Worker
  • Teacher.

If you are overseas, you should see if you can get your documents certified by the nearest Canadian Embassy, Consulate or High Commission.

 

How to Apply

To apply, complete the application and supply your original documents or certified copies, and provide your banking information.

Apply in person by going to the nearest Service Canada.

To apply by mail, submit your application to the office responsible for OAS for your province (and your postal code). If you outside of Canada, submit it to the office for the province you last resided in.

Province/TerritoryMailing Address
AlbertaService Canada
PO Box 2710 Station Main
Edmonton AB T5J 2G4
CANADA
British ColumbiaService Canada
PO Box 1177 Station CSC
Victoria BC V8W 2V2
CANADA
ManitobaService Canada
PO Box 818 Station Main
Winnipeg MB R3C 2N4
CANADA
New BrunswickService Canada
PO Box 250 Station A
Fredericton NB E3B 4Z6
CANADA
Newfoundland and LabradorService Canada
PO Box 9430 Station A
St. John’s NL A1A 2Y5
CANADA
Northwest TerritoriesService Canada
PO Box 2710 Station Main
Edmonton AB T5J 2G4
CANADA
Nova ScotiaService Canada
PO Box 1687 Station Central
Halifax NS B3J 3J4
CANADA
NunavutService Canada
PO Box 2710 Station Main
Edmonton AB T5J 2G4
CANADA
Ontario
For postal codes beginning with “L, M or N”
Service Canada
PO Box 5100 Station D
Scarborough ON M1R 5C8
CANADA
Ontario
For postal codes beginning with “K or P”
Service Canada
PO Box 2013 Station Main
Timmins ON P4N 8C8
CANADA
Prince Edward IslandService Canada
PO Box 8000 Station Central
Charlottetown PE C1A 8K1
CANADA
QuebecService Canada
PO Box 1816 Station Terminus
Quebec QC G1K 7L5
CANADA
SaskatchewanService Canada
PO Box 818 Station Main
Winnipeg MB R3C 2N4
CANADA
YukonService Canada
PO Box 1177 Station CSC
Victoria BC V8W 2V2
CANADA

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